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Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ

Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ. Questions on Indian History and Culture are common in each type of Competetive Examination. Here we forwarded some important questions and answers for the exam aspirants.

Mauryan emperors

India has mainly 3 periods. Ancient, Medieval and Modern period.

Indian culture is as old as 4500 years ago.

Mainly India is the birthplace of some major religions. India is the inhabitants of Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.

1. Who wrote Rihala?

(a) Ibnbatuta

(b) Abul Fazal

(c) Alberuni

(d) Amir Khusru

Ans. Ibnbatuta

2. Who was the first deputy Prime Minister of India?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Vallabhbhai Patel

(c)Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(d) Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar

Ans. Vallabhbhai Patel

3. Who was the first Home Minister of India?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Vallabhbhai Patel

(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(d) Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar

Ans. Vallabhbhai Patel

4. Among the following, which is the other name of India?

(a) Bharat

(b) Hindustan

(c) India

(d) All of these

Ans. All of these

5. “Sone ki Chidiya” is the nickname of the which country?

(a) India

(b) United States of America

(c) Germany

(d) England

Ans. India

6. Who was Chandra Gupta Maurya?

(a) Founder of the Maurya Empire

(b) Father of Bindusara

(c) Grandfather of Ashoka

(d) All of the above

Ans. All of the above

7. When did India become Independent from the British Government?

(a) 15th August, 1947

(b) 15th August, 1946

(c)26th January, 1947

(d) 15th August, 1948A

Ans. 15th August, 1947

8. The Indian Constitution was imposed in which year?

(a) 2nd October, 1949

(b) 26th January, 1947 A

(c) 26th November, 1949

(d) 26th January, 1950

Ans. 26th January, 1950

9. The famous Sun Temple is at

(a) Cutack

(b) Bhillai

(c) Konark


Ans. Konark

10. ‘Kathakali’ is a folk dance belonging to ?

(a) Karnataka

(b) Andhra Pradesh

(c) Kerala

(d) Tamil Nadu

Ans. Kerala

11. Who was the last Mughal Emperor of India?

(a) Akbar

(b) Babur


(d) Bahadur Shah

Ans. Bahadur Shah

12. The World Heritage site “Taj Mahal” is situated banks of which river?

(a) Ganga

(b) Yamuna

(c) Saraswati

(d) Tapti

Ans. Ganga

13. Who led the “Dandi March”?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose

(c) Bhagat Singh

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi

Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ

14. In which year the first battle of Panipat was fought?

(a) 1526

(b) 1556


(d) 1761

Ans. 1526

15. In which year the second battle of Panipat was fought?

(a) 1526

(b) 1556


(d) 1761

Ans.(b) 1556

16. In which year the third battle of Panipat was fought?

(a) 1526

(b) 1556


(d) 1761

Ans. 1761

17. The dance encouraged and performance from the temple of Thanjavur


(a) Kathakali

(b) Odissi


(d) Bharatanatyam

Ans. Bharatanatyam

আপুনি যদি আমাৰ পেজ পঢ়ি ভাল পাইছে তেন্তে আমাৰ ‘নিউজলেটাৰ চাবস্ক্রাইব কৰক। নতুবা আমাৰ ‘ফেচবুক পৃষ্ঠা’ অনুসৰণ কৰক বা “টেলিগ্রাম চেনেল” ত জইন হওক “ইউটিউব চেনেল চাবস্ক্রাইব’ কৰক ।

18. Where are The Elephanta Caves situated in India?

(a)Madhya Pradesh

(b) Rajasthan

(c) Maharashtra

(d) Chattisgarh tnltonne

Ans. Maharashtra

19. Where was Lord Buddha born?

(a) Bodh Gaya

(b) Katmandu

c) Lumbini

d) Tibet

Ans. Lumbiní

20. Where was Mahatma Gandhi born?

(a) Ahmedabad

(b) New Delhi

(c) Surat

(d) Porbandar

Ans. Porbandar

21. When was Mahatma Gandhi born?

(a) 2nd October, 1870

(b) 2nd October, 1868

(c) 2nd October, 1869

(d) 2nd October, 1871

Ans. (c) 2nd October, 1869

22. Who was the wife of Mahatma Gandhi?

(a) Annie Beasant

(b) Leela Gandhi

(c) Kasturba Gandhi

(d) Sarojini Naídu

Ans. Kasturba Gandhi

23. When was Mahatma Gandhi dead?

(a) 30th January, 1950

(b) 30th January, 1949

(c) 30th January, 1948

(d) 30th January, 1951

Ans. 30th January, 1948

24. Who wrote the book “The Story of My Experiments with Truth’?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(d) Subhash Chandra Bose

Ans. (b) Mahatma Gandhi

25. Which of the following dance originated in the state of Gujarat?

(a) Garba

(b) Gidda


(d) Ghomaar

Ans. Garba

26. Yoga Shastra, the school of Hindu Philosophy was founded by

(a) Bharat Muni

(b) Vyasha


(d) Patanjali

Ans. Patanjali

27. Which state celebrates Loosong Festival?

(a) Himachal Pradesh

(6) Sikkim

(c) Mizoram

(d) Arunachal Pradesh

Ans. Sikkim

28. Who was called ” Nightingale of India” or “Bharat Kokila”?

(a) Annie Beasant

(b) Leela Gandhi

(c) Kasturba Gandhi

(d) Sarojini Naidu

Ans. Sarojini Naidu

29. The city of Mathura located in which Indian State?

(a) Madhya Pradesh

(b) Uttar Pradesh

(c) Gujarat

(d) Bihar

Ans. Uttar Pradesh

30. The ancient city of Dwarka is located in which Indian State?

(a) Madhya Pradesh

(b) Uttar Pradesh

() Gujarat

(d) Bihar

Ans. Gujarat

31. Who was the first woman President of Republic of India?

(a) Indira Gandhi

(b) Sarojini Naidu

(c) Pratibha Patil

(d) Annie Beasant

Ans. Pratibha Patil

32. The festival Nyokum is celebrated-

(a) Arunachal Pradesh

(b) Mizoram t

(c) Sikkim

(d) Manipur

Ans. Arunachal Pradesh

33. Sabarmati Ashram was in

(a) Assam

(b) Bihar


(d) Gujarat

Ans. (d) Gujarat

34 The Rowlatt Act came into force with effect from-

(a) 2 April, 1914

(b) 18 March, 1919

(c) 26 January, 1942

(d)16 August, 1947

Ans. 18 March, 1919

35. Who was the first woman Prime Minister of India?

(a) Indira Gandhi

(b) Sarojini Naidu

(c) Pratibha Patil

d) Annie Beasant

Ans. Indira Gandhi

36. Who is the first Vice-President of India?

(a) Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

(b) V.VGiri

(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(d) Dr. Zakir Husain

Ans. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

37. Who was the first Defense Minister of India after Independence?

(a) Baldev Singh

(b) Kailash Nath Katju

(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(d) Vallabh Vai Patel

Ans. Baldev Singh

38. The Governor-General who opened Central Public Works Department in 1854 was –

(a) Lord Dalhousie

(b) Lord Ripon

(c)Lord Curzon

(d)Lord Stanely

Ans. Lord Dalhousie

39. The Congress had taken the resolution for complete independence in the session of

(a) Calcutta held in 1920

(b) Lahore held in 1929

(c) Karachi held in 193

(d) None of the above

Ans. Lahore held in 1929

40. The real name of ‘Frontier Gandhi’ was-

(a) Aga Khan

(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(c) Khan Abdul Gaffaur Khan

(d) Gopinath Bardaloi

Ans. (c) Khan Abdul Gaffaur Khan

41. Who wrote the book “Discovery of India”?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Subhash Chandra Bose

(d )Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru

42. When was Jawaharlal Nehru born?

(a) 14th November, 1869

(b) 14th November, 1879

(c)14th November, 1887

(d) 14th November, 1889

Ans. 14th November, 1889

Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ questions and Answers

43. Who was the father of Indira Gandhi?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c)Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(d) Pandit Motilal Nehru

Ans. (a) Jawaharlal Nehru

44. When was Swami Vivekananda born?

(a) 1869

(b) 1859


(d) 1853

Ans. 1863

45. Founder of ‘Brahmo Samaj’ was-

(a) Raja RamMohan Roy

(b) Dayananda Swarswati

(c) Binowa Bhabe

(d) Govind Ranade

Ans. Raja Ram Mohan Roy

46. Founder of Arya Samaj was

(a) Raja RamMohan Roy

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Rabindranath Tagore

(d) Dayananda Sarswati

Ans. Dayananda Sarswati

47. Who discovered Hampi?

(a) Colin Mackenzie

(b) Francois Bernier

(c) C. N. Rao

(d) Dayaram Sahani

Ans. (a) Colin Mackenzie

48. Rabindranath Tagore got the Nobel prize in which year?

(a) 1913

(b) 1910

(c) 1914

(d) 1919

Ans. 1913

49. Who wrote “Gitanjali”?

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c)Rabindranath Tagore

(d) Subhash Chandra Bose

Ans. Rabindranath Tagore

50. Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize in the field of-

(a) Dance

(b) Literature

(c) Economics

(d) Physics

Ans. (b) Literature

15. In which year C.V. Raman get the Nobel prize?

(a) 1930

(b) 1931

(c) 1929

(d) 1913

Ans. 1930

52. Who built Charminar?

(a) Ibrahim Qutub Shah

(b) Kuli Qutub Shahuguh

(c)Ali Adil Shah

(d) Ibrahim Adil Sah

Ans. Kuli Qutub Shah

53. Who introduced ‘Din-E-Elahi’?

(a) Babar

(b) Humayun

(c) Akbar

(d) Bahadur Shah

Ans. Akbar

54. When did Vasco-Da-Gama came to India?

(a) 1492A.D

(b) 1498 A.D.

(c) 1398 A.D.

(d) 1542 A.D.

Ans. 1498 A.D.

55. Who is also known as the Iron Man of India?

(a) Subhas Chandra Bose

(b) Lal Bahadur Shastri

(c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

(d) Mahatma Gandhi

Ans. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

56. Who was the second Prime Minister of India?

(a) Indira Gandhi

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Lal Bahadur Shastri

(d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Ans. Lal Bahadur Shastri

57. Who is known as the Father of India?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Subhas Chandra Bose

(d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi

58.  Who is the chief architect of the Indian Constitution? Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b)Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Bhimrao Ambedkar

(d) Abul Kalam Azad

Ans. Bhimrao Ambedkar

59. Quit India Movement was started by

(a)Mahatma Gandhi

(b)Jawaharlal Nehru

(c)Subhas Chandra Bose

(d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi

60. What was the actual name of Sher shah?

(a) Hemu

(b) Faizi

(c) Bahadur

(d) Farid

Ans. Farid

61. Which Mughal Emperor shifted the capital from Agra to Delhi?

(a) Jahangir

(b) Aurangajeb

(c) Humayun

(d) Shahjahan

Ans. Shahjahan

62. The day on which the British Viceroy Lord Curzon had divided Bengal into two parts was

(a) 12 October, 1912

(b) 5 August, 1921

(c) 26 January, 1909

(d) 20 July, 1905

Ans. 20 July, 1905

63. Quit India Movement was started in

(a) 1921

(b) 1942

(c) 1940


Ans. 1942

64. Number of lions in Sarnath pillar is-

(a) 2

(b) 6

(c) 7


Ans. 4

65. Who was the last Governor-General of India, when India became a

Republic in 1950?

(a) Rajendra Prasad

(b) C. Rajagopalachari

(c) Lord Macaulay

(d) None of them

Ans. C Rajagopalachari

66. Who held the fourth Budha conference?

(a) Chandragupta

(b) Ashoka

(c) Kanishka

(d) Harshabardhan

Ans.: Kanishka

67. The total number of Puranas are

(a) 18

(b) 20

(C) 12

(d) 16

Ans.: 18

68. Harishena was the poet-laureate of

(a) Ashoka

(b) Samudragupta

(c) Chandragupta


Ans. Samudragupta

69. The famous Vedic saying, “War begins in the minds of men” is said by-

(a) Rig-veda

(6) Sama- Veda

(c) Atharva-Veda

(d)Mundaka Upanishad

Ans. Atharva-Veda

70. Name the Rig Vedic God who is believed to be the upholder of the “Rita”

or Cosmic Order.

(a) Agni

(b) Soma

(c) Indra

(d) Varuna

Ans. Varuna Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ

71. The earliest tribal assembly was

(a) Gana

(b) Vidhata

(c) Samiti

(d) Sabha

Ans. Vidhata

72. What was the original name of Swami Vivekananda?

(a) Narendranath Dutta

(b) Surendranath Dutta

(c) Krishna Dutta

(d) Batukeshwar Dutta

Ans. Narendranath Dutta

73. Who gave the slogan “Jai Hind”?

(a) Bhagat Sing

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose

(c) Mangal Pandey

(d) Mahatma Gandhi

Ans. Subhash Chandra Bose

74. Who gave the title ‘Sardar’ to Vallabhbhai Patel?

(a) Maulana Abdul kalam Azad

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Motilal Nehru

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi

Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ for Direct Recruitment Assam

75. Name the British Governor-General who introduced Postage Stamp in India?

(a) Lord Clive

(b) Lord Cornwallis

(c) Lord Dalhousie

(d) Lord Wellesley

Ans. Lord Dalhousie Indian History and Culture – Important MCQ

76. Gold coins in India were first issued by:

(a) Kushans

(b) Parthians

(c) Sakas

(d) Indo- Greeks

Ans. Kushans

77. Name the Governor-General when the 1857 revolt broke out

(a) Lord Dalhousie

(b) Lord Canning

(c) Lord Ripon

(d) Lord Bentinck

Ans. Lord Canning

78. Akbar promulgated Din-i-llahi in 1582. It was a

(a) Islamic doctrine

(b) Code of conduct

(c)Hindu law influenced by Islam

(d) None of these

Ans. Code of conduct

79. The paintings of Ajanta are mainly depicted on-

(a) Ramayana

(b) Mahabharata

(c) Jataka

(d) Upanishad

Ans. Jataka

80. Who is called Napoleon of India?

(a) Samudragupta

(b) Chandragupta

(c) Ashoka

(d) Harshabardhan

Ans. Samudragupta

81. Who wrote the book-” The story of the Integration of the Indian state”?

(a) B.N. Rau

(b) C. Rajagopalachari

(c) Krishna Menon

(d) VP Menon

Ans. C. Rajagopalachari

82. Who among the following formulated the Dickie Bird Plan?

(a) Lord Mountbatten

(b) Stafford Cripps

(c)AV Alexander

(d) C Rajagopalchari

Ans. Lord Mountbatten

83. Which one of the following movements began with the Dandi March?

(a) Home Rule Movement

(b) Non-Cooperation Movement

(c) Civil Disobedience Movement

(d) Quit India Movement

Ans. Civil Disobedience Movement

84. The Court Language of Mughals was

(a) Arabic

(b) Hindi

(c) Persian

(d) Urdu

Ans. Persian

85. Din-i-llahi was accepted by

(a) Birbal

(b) Tansen

(c) Raja Mansingh

(d) Todarmal

Ans. Birbal

86. Goa was captured by the Portuguese in

(a) 1470 AD

(b) 1510 AD

(c)1570 AD

(d) 1610 AD

Ans. 1510 AD

87. Chauri-Chaura incident took place –

(a) 4th February, 1912

(b) 4th February, 1917

(c)4th February, 1922

(d) 4th February, 1932

Ans. 4th February, 1922

88. The Aryans entered Into India nearly by the –

(a) 1200 B.C.

(b) 1260 B.C.

(c)1300 B.C.

(d) 1360 B.C.

Ans. 1200 B.C.

89. The composer of the song ‘Vande Mataram’ was –

(a) Rabindranath Tagore

(b) Surendranath Banerjee

(c) Swanmi Vivekananda

(d) Bankim Chandra Chattarjee

Ans. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

90. The writer of the book ‘Ananda Math’ was –

(a) Raja Rammohan Roy

(b) Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

(c) Rabindranath Tagore

(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Ans. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

91. In which of the following festivals are boat races a special feature?

(a) Jagannath Rath Yatra

(b) Onam

(c) Pongal

(d) Navratri

Ans. Onam

92. ‘Natya-Shastra’ the main source of India’s classical dances was written


(a) Kalhana

(b) Bharat Muni

(c) Kalidas

(d) Tandu Muni

Ans. Bharat Muni

93. Which of the following British official initiated the Doctrine of  Lapse?

(a) Lord Wellesley

(b) Lord Auckland

(c) Lord Dalhousie

(d) Lord Warren Hastings

Ans. Lord Dalhousie

94. The Battle of Plassey was fought in-

(a) 1757

(b) 1857


(d) 1737

Ans. 1757

95.The treaty of Seringapatam was signed between

(a) Tipu Sultan and Robert Clive

(b) Tipu Sultan and Lord Cornwallis

(c)Tipu Sultan and Lord Dalhousie

(d) Tipu Sultan and Lord Warren Hastings

Ans. Tipu Sultan and Lord Cornwallis

96. Which language was mostly used for the propagation of Buddhism?

(a) Sanskrit

(b) Prakrit

(c) Pali

(d) Hindi

Ans. Pali

97. Who founded the Mughal Empire in India?

(a) Aurangzeb

(b) Babur

(c) Akbar

(c) Humayun

Ans Babur

98. What is ‘Kalaripayattu’?

(a) An ancient technique to wage war against enemies,

(b) An ancient form of dance or drama.

(c) An ancient form of method of agriculture.

(d) It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of

South India.

Ans. An ancient form of martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India.

99. The historical Gandhi – Irwin Pact was signed-

(a) 15th March, 1930

(b) 25th March, 1930

(c) 5th March, 1931

(d) 25th March, 1931

Ans. 5th March, 1931

100. ‘Give me blood, I will give you freedom’. This famous slogan was given

by –

(a) Lala Lajpat Rai

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Annie Besant

(d) Subash Chandra Bose

Ans. Subash Chandra Bose

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